Under the new education policy issued by the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development, major changes have been made in school education. A new development-appropriate curriculum and educational structure for school education has been developed on the design ‘five plus three plus three plus four’. Under this, the students are divided into four different classes. The first class will have students between the age of three to six years, who will be given education from pre primary or play school to class two. After this, a course from class two to five will be prepared. After that the educational program has been made keeping in mind the students of classes five to eight and then finally from nine to 12th for four years.
Union Human Resource Development Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank said, the syllabus will be based on flexibility, so that the learners have the opportunity to choose their learning pace and programs. In this way, according to their talent and interest in life, they will be able to choose their path. There will be no distinction between arts and science, curriculum and extra-curricular activities, professional and academic streams etc. Giving information about the new education policy, Nishank said, this can ensure the importance of all types of knowledge, and eliminate the harmful hierarchies and the mutual classification or gap between different areas of learning.
It emphasizes the importance of early years and aims to ensure quality early-childhood care and education for all children between three and six years old, with substantial growth in investment and new initiatives. The needs of children between three and five years of age will be met by the current system of Anganwadis and those aged five to six years will be provided with the Anganwadi / school system through sports based curriculum, which will be designed by NCERT, seamless and integrated Ways to be included.
The scheme of early childhood education and its implementation will be done jointly by the Ministries of Human Resource Development, Women and Child Development, Health and Family Welfare and Tribal Affairs. A special joint task force will be formed for its continuous guidance.
A national literacy and numeracy mission will be established on priority to focus on numeracy with basic literacy and value based education. In grades one-three, special attention needs to be given to elementary language and mathematics. The goal of NEP 2020 is to ensure that every student up to grade three should achieve basic literacy and numerology by the year 2025.